Legality of War

Even in the case of legitimate self-defense, the matter must be approved subsequently by the UN Security Council.

#1 Waging Aggressive War

#2 Aiding Rebels in a Civil War

#3 Threatening Aggressive War

#4 Planning & Preparing for a War of Aggression

#5 Conspiracy to Wage War

#6 Propaganda For War

CONDUCT OF WAR

The principle that innocent civilians should be protected from the ravages of warfare has been established for 1,600 years. In the present, that principle has been extended to prohibitions on various targets, cruel weapons, undisciplined behavior by soldiers and commanders, and on the use of mercenaries.

Prohibited Targets

#7 Failure to Observe the Neutrality of a Hospital

#8 Destruction of Undefended Targets

#9 Bombing of Edifices Devoted to Art, Charity, Religion, & Science

#10 Failure to Compensate

#11 Naval Bombardment of Undefended Buildings, Dwellings, Towns, & Villages

#12 Bombing of Neutral Countries

#13 Failure to Observe the Neutrality of Hospital Employees

#14 Failure to Respect the Neutrality of a Voluntary Aid Society

#15 Hostile Acts on the Ground Directed at a Museum

#16 Indiscriminate Attacks Against Civilians

#17 Failure to Protect Cultural Property

Prohibited Weapons

#18 Use of Arms and Projectiles to Cause Superfluous Injury

#19 Use of Napalm

#20 Use of White Phosphorous

#21 Use of Depleted Uranium Weapons

Misconduct by Soldiers

#22 Killing or Wounding Civilians Treacherously

#23 Failure to Accept the Surrender of Combatants

#24 Pillage

#25 Failure to Attend to the Wounded

#26 Failing to Provide Proper Burials to Enemy Soldiers Killed in Combat

#27 Excessive Targeting of Civilians

Misconduct by Commanders

#28 Failure to Notify Authorities of Bombardments

#29 Indiscriminate Naval Bombardments

#30 Naval Bombardments Without Warning

#31 Extrajudicial Executions

#32 Reprisals Against Innocent Civilians

#33 Depriving Civilians of Food & Drinking Water

#34 Excessive Military Force

#35 Failure to Provide Battlefield Officers with Appropriate Legal Advice

#36 Failure to Prosecute Commanding Officers for Failure to Stop Battlefield Offenses

#37 Failure of Commanding Officers to Report Battlefield Offenses to Their Superiors

#38 Failure of Commanding Officers to Ensure That Subordinates Understand Geneva Convention Obligations Regarding the Conduct of Warfare

#39 Failure of Commanding Officers to Prevent Subordinates from Plotting War Crimes on the Battlefield

#40 Failure of Commanding Officers to Discipline or Prosecute Subordinates Who Commit War Crimes on the Battlefield

Prohibited Combatants

#41 Funding War Mercenaries

#42 Mercenaries Have Engaged in Combat

MISTREATMENT OF PRISONERS

The television series “Hogan’s Heroes” portrays a prison camp for Americans in Nazi Germany during World War II. Although the series takes excessive liberties for comedic purposes, the basic conditions of the camp in many ways conform to the requirements of the Prisoner of War (POW) Convention of 1929 and earlier treaties. Germany, nevertheless, sometimes used prisoner compounds as interrogation centers. When the Third Geneva Convention was written in 1949, the excesses of the Japanese and Nazis informed provisions to outlaw many practices. When the Americans initially rounded up suspected terrorists in Afghanistan and Iraq, sending some to Guantánamo, the initial military commanders enforced Geneva Convention standards. Soon, President Bush rescinded the Geneva Convention requirements, and new treatment procedures were developed on the fly. The result has been scandalous.

Violating Standards of Decency

#43 Inhumane Treatment

#44 Depriving Prisoners of Their Property

#45 Religious Mistreatment

#46 Displaying Prisoners

#47 Denial of Decent Burial of Prisoners

#48 Cruel Treatment

#49 Outrages upon Personal Dignity

Interrogation Methods

#50    Reprisals Against Prisoners

#51 Interrogation Beyond Name, Rank, and Serial Number

#52 Coercive Techniques

#53 Threats & Unpleasant Treatment

#54 Systematic Insults

#55 Torture

#56 Taking Hostages

#57 Failure to Prevent Torture

#58 Complicity or Participation in Torture

#59 Failure to Protect Prisoners from Intimidation

#60 Use of Weapons Against Prisoners

Unacceptable Living Conditions

#61 Inadequate Food

#62 Inadequate Clothing

#63 Inadequate Shelter

#64 Cramped Housing

#65 Close Confinement

#66 Internment on Ships at Sea

#67 Internment in Penitentiaries

#68 Inadequate Heating

#69 Inadequate Lighting

#70 Habitual Diet Ignored

#71 Prisoners Disallowed from Food Preparation

#72 Solitary Confinement

#73 Prisoners Not Allowed to Eat Together

#74 Lack of Prison Canteens

#75 Prisoners Not Allowed to Receive Funds to Purchase Personal Items

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